Healthy Mouth

How can I keep my mouth healthy?

Children’s teeth begin forming before birth. As early as 4 months, the first primary, or baby teeth, erupt through the gums.
All 20 of the primary teeth usually appear by age 3, although their pace and order of eruption varies.
Permanent teeth begin appearing around age 6.
This process will continue until approximately age 21.

Tooth Decay

What is tooth decay?

Tooth enamel is hard yet porous.

Plaque on the surface of your teeth can produce acids that seep into the pores (rods) of the enamel and break down its internal structure.

This process, called demineralization can create a weak spot on the surface of the tooth that may become a cavity if left untreated.

Plaque & Tartar

How can I reduce plaque and tartar buildup?

Plaque is a sticky, colorless deposit of bacteria that is constantly forming on the tooth surface. Saliva, food, and fluids combine to produce these deposits that collect on teeth and where teeth and gums meet.

Smoking Related Problems

Smoking-Related Oral Conditions

  • Oral cancer
  • Periodontal (gum) disease- a leading cause of tooth loss and of sensitivity to hot and cold
  • Bad Breath
  • Stained teeth and tongue
  • Diminished sense of taste and smell
  • Delayed healing following a tooth extraction or other oral surgery
  • Difficulties in correcting cosmetic dental problems
  • Build-up of tartar on the teeth
  • Fewer options for some kinds of dental care (smokers can be poor candidates for particular treatments, such as implants)

Mouth Sores

Mouth sores can be painful, annoying and unsightly. Some appear inside the mouth-on the gums, tongue, lips, cheeks or palate (roof of the mouth). Others, like cold sores, can appear outside the mouth, such as on and around the lips, under the nose and on the chin.

Sensitive Teeth

What can I do about sensitive teeth?

Pain from sensitive teeth is not always constant; it can come and go. Constant pain could be a sign of a more serious problem. It is still important, however, to discuss your symptoms with your dentist to determine the cause and proper treatment.

Women and Periodontal Disease?

What Is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease (gum disease) is an infection of the gums and bone caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that adheres to teeth. Plaque forms constantly on teeth and can build up if it is not removed through daily cleaning.

Dental A-B-Cs

Dental Terminology - Dental Glossary


Abutment: The teeth on either side of a missing tooth. Abutments are the part of the bridge used to support the replacement of the missing teeth (pontics).

Amalgam: Silver filling. Amalgams are usually placed on the back teeth (posterior teeth).

Anesthesia: Relieves the sensation of pain.

Tooth Development

  • It takes nearly two decades for our complete set of teeth to form, develop and finally erupt.
  • The process starts in the womb and continues into the teenage years.
  • Different teeth undergo stages of development at various times.
For example, while some of the front teeth may have already erupted into the mouth, some of the back teeth will have chewing surfaces just beginning to calcify within the jawbones.
The primary teeth begin to calcify before birth when the fetus is about three months old. The chewing parts of all the baby teeth are completed about one year after birth.
When babies are about three months old the first of the 32 adult teeth begin their calcification within the jawbones. The last of the adult teeth complete their root formation some 16 to 20 years later.

Gum Disease

How can I stop the spread of gum disease?

Early and moderate periodontal disease may exhibit few, if any, symptoms. However, warning signs of advanced periodontal disease may include red, swollen, or bleeding gums; persistent bad breath; permanent teeth that are loose or separating; or changes in the way your teeth fit together when you bite.

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